Norman Regional Health System

Estrogen, progesterone and testosterone are the sex hormones. All three are present in both male and female athletes. The right balance and levels are important in maintaining bone and cardiovascular health as well as impacting strength and endurance.

Sex Hormones image

Symptoms of hormonal dysfunction in athletes

  • Female: Irregular or missed menstrual cycles; heavy bleeding, PMS (cramping, bloating, gas, diarrhea, mood swings, headaches); infertility; acne; body weight fluctuation; difficulty putting on muscle
  • Male & Female: Loss of power, strength, speed, and/or endurance; loss of libido; fatigue, infertility; loss of will power; poor recovery; loss of lean muscle mass; increased body fat